FROM the 1896 Revolution to the first Philippine Republic, the
Commonwealth period, the EDSA Revolt, and the tiger cub economy, history marches on.
Thankfully, however, some things never change. Like the classics, things
irresistibly Pinoy mark us for life. They're the indelible stamp of our
identity, the undeniable affinity that binds us like twins. They celebrate
the good in us, the best of our culture and the infinite possibilities we
are all capable of. Some are so self-explanatory you only need mention
them for fellow Pinoys to swoon or drool. Here, from all over this
Centennial-crazed country and in no particular order, are a hundred of the
best things that make us unmistakably Pinoy.
Merienda- Where else is it normal to eat five times a day?
Sawsawan- Assorted sauces that guarantee freedom of choice, enough
room for experimentation and maximum tolerance for diverse tastes. Favorites:
toyo't calamansi, suka at sili, patis.
Kuwan, ano- At a loss for words? Try these and marvel at how Pinoys
understand exactly what you want. Pinoy humor and irreverence If
you're api and you know it, crack a joke. Nothing personal, really.
Tingi- Thank goodness for small entrepreneurs. Where else can we buy
cigarettes, soap, condiments and life's essentials in small affordable
Spirituality- Even before the Spaniards came, ethnic tribes had their own
anitos, bathalas and assorted deities, pointing to a strong relationship
with the Creator, who or whatever it may be.
Po, opo, mano po- Speech suffixes that define courtesy, deference, filial
respect--a balm to the spirit in these aggressive times.
Pasalubong- Our way of sharing the vicarious thrills and delights of a
trip, and a wonderful excuse to shop without the customary guilt.
Beaches- With 7,000 plus islands, we have miles and miles of shoreline
piled high with fine white sand, lapped by warm waters, and nibbled by exotic
tropical fish. From the stormy seas of Batanes to the emerald isles of
Palawan--over here, life is truly a beach.
Bagoong- Darkly mysterious, this smelly fish or shrimp paste typifies the
underlying theme of most ethnic foods: disgustingly unhygienic, unbearably
stinky and simply irresistible.
Bayanihan- Yes, the internationally-renowned dance company, but also this
habit of pitching in still common in small communities. Just have that
cold beer and some pulutan ready for the troops.
The Balikbayan box- Another way of sharing life's bounty, no matter if it
seems like we're fleeing Pol Pot every time we head home from anywhere in
the globe. The most wonderful part is that, more often than not, the
contents are carted home to be distributed.
Pilipino komiks- Not to mention "Hiwaga," "Aliwan," "Tagalog Classics,"
"Liwayway" and"Bulaklak" magazines. Pulpy publications that gave us Darna,
Facifica Falayfay, Lagalag, Kulafu, Kenkoy, Dyesebel, characters of a time
both innocent and worldly.
Folk songs- They come unbidden and spring, full blown, like a second
language, at the slightest nudge from the too-loud stereo of a passing
jeepney or tricycle.
Fiesta- Eat, drink and be merry, for tomorrow is just another day, shrugs
the poor man who, once a year, honors a patron saint with this sumptuous,
no-holds-barred spread. It's a Pinoy celebration at its pious and riotous
Aswang, manananggal, kapre- The whole underworld of Filipino lower
mythology recalls our uniquely bizarre childhood, that is, before political
correctness kicked in. Still, their rich adventures pepper our
Jeepneys- Colorful, fast, reckless, a vehicle of postwar Pinoy ingenuity,
this Everyman's communal cadillac makes for a cheap, interesting ride. If
the driver's a daredevil (as they usually are), hang on to your seat.
Dinuguan- Blood stew, a bloodcurdling idea, until you try it with
puto. Best when mined with jalapeno peppers. Messy but delicious.
Santacruzan- More than just a beauty contest, this one has religious
overtones, a tableau of St. Helena's and Constantine's search for the
Cross that seamlessly blends piety, pageantry and ritual. Plus, it's the perfect
excuse to show off the prettiest ladies--and the most beautiful gowns.
Balut- Unhatched duck's embryo, another unspeakable ethnic food to
outsiders, but oh, to indulge in guilty pleasures! Sprinkle some salt and
suck out that soup, with gusto.
Pakidala- A personalized door-to-door remittance and delivery system for
overseas Filipino workers who don't trust the banking system, and who
expect a family update from the courier, as well.
Choc-nut- Crumbly peanut chocolate bars that defined childhood ecstasy
before M & M's and Hershey's.
Kamayan style- To eat with one's hand and eschew spoon, fork and table
Chicharon: Pork, fish or chicken crackling- There is in the crunch a
hint of the extravagant, the decadent and the pedestrian. Perfect with vinegar,
sublime with beer.
Pinoy hospitality- Just about everyone gets a hearty "Kain tayo!"
invitation to break bread with whoever has food to share, no matter how skimpy or
austere it is.
Adobo, kare-kare, sinigang and other lutong bahay stuff- Home-cooked meals
that have the stamp of approval from several generations, who swear by
closely-guarded cooking secrets and family recipes.
Lola Basyang- The voice one heard spinning tales over the radio, before
movies and television curtailed imagination and defined grown-up tastes.
Pambahay- Home is where one can let it all hang out, where clothes do not
make a man or woman but rather define their level of comfort.
Tricycle and trisikad- The poor Pinoy's taxicab that delivers you at your
doorstep for as little as PHPesos3.00, with a complimentary dusting of
Dirty ice cream- Very Pinoy flavors that make up for the risk: munggo,
langka, ube, mais, keso, macapuno. Plus there's the colorful cart that
recalls jeepney art.
Yayas- The trusted Filipino nanny who, ironically, has become a major
Philippine export as overseas contract workers. A good one is almost
like a surrogate parent--if you don't mind the accent and the predilection for
afternoon soap and movie stars.
Sarsi- Pinoy rootbeer, the enduring taste of childhood Our
grandfathers had them with an egg beaten in.
Pinoy fruits: Atis, guyabano, chesa, mabolo, lanzones, durian, langka,
makopa, dalanghita, siniguelas, suha, chico, papaya, singkamas--the
Filipino celebrities: Movie stars, broadcasters, beauty queens, public
officials, all-around controversial figures: Aurora Pijuan, Cardinal Sin,
Carlos P. Romulo, Charito Solis, Cory Aquino, Emilio Aguinaldo, the
Eraserheads, Fidel V. Ramos, Francis Magalona, Gloria Diaz, Manuel L.
Quezon, Margie Moran, Melanie Marquez, Ninoy Aquino, Nora Aunor, Pitoy
Moreno, Ramon Magsysay, Richard Gomez, San Lorenzo Ruiz, Sharon Cuneta,
Gemma Cruz, Erap, Tiya Dely, Mel and Jay, Gary V.
World class Pinoys who put us on the global map: Lea Salonga, Paeng
Nepomuceno, Eugene Torre, Luisito Espinosa, Lydia de Vega-Mercado, Jocelyn
Enriquez, Elma Muros, Onyok Velasco, Efren "Bata" Reyes, Lilia
Calderon-Clemente, Loida Nicolas-Lewis, Josie Natori.
Pinoy tastes- A dietician's nightmare: too sweet, too salty, too fatty, as
in burong talangka, itlog na maalat, crab fat (aligue), bokayo, kutchinta,
sapin-sapin, halo-halo, pastilyas, palitaw, pulburon, longganisa, tuyo,
ensaymada, ube halaya, sweetened macapuno and garbanzos. Remember,
we're the guys who put sugar (horrors) in our spaghetti sauce. Yum!
The sights: Banaue Rice Terraces, Boracay, Bohol's Chocolate Hills,
Corregidor Island, Fort Santiago, the Hundred Islands, the Las Pinas
Bamboo Organ, Rizal Park, Mt. Banahaw, Mayon Volcano, Taal Volcano. A land of
contrasts and ever-changing landscapes.
Gayuma, agimat and anting-anting Love potions and amulets. How the
socially-disadvantaged Pinoy copes.
Barangay Ginebra, Jaworski, PBA, MBA and basketball How the
verticaly-challenged Pinoy compensates, via a national sports
obsession that reduces fans to tears and fistfights.
People Power at EDSA- When everyone became a hero and changed Philippine
San Miguel Beer and pulutan- "Isa pa nga!" and the Philippines' most
popular, world-renowned beer goes well with peanuts, corniks, tapa,
chicharon, usa, barbecue, sisig, and all manner of spicy, crunchy and
Resiliency- We've survived 400 years of Spanish rule, the US bases,
Marcos, the 1990 earthquake, lahar, lambada, Robin Padilla, and Tamagochi. We'll
Yoyo- Truly Filipino in origin, this hunting tool, weapon, toy and
merchandising vehicle remains the best way to "walk the dog" and "rock the
baby," using just a piece of string.
Pinoy games: Pabitin, palosebo, basagan ng palayok. A few basic rules make
individual cunning and persistence a premium, and guarantee a good
time for all.
Ninoy Aquino- For saying that "the Filipino is worth dying for and proving
Balagtasan- The verbal joust that brings out rhyme, reason and passion
on a public stage.
Tabo- All-powerful, ever-useful, hygienically-triumphant device to scoop
water out of a bucket _ and help the true Pinoy answer nature's call.
Helps maintain our famously stringent toilet habits.
Pandesal- Despite its shrinking size, still a good buy. Goes well with any
filling, best when hot.
Jollibee- Truly Pinoy in taste and sensibility, and a corporate icon
that we can be quite proud of. Do you know that it's invaded the Middle East, as
The butanding, the dolphins and other creatures in our blessed waters-
They're Pinoys, too, and they're here to stay. Now if some folks would
just stop turning them into daing.
Pakikisama- It's what makes people stay longer at parties, have another
drink, join pals in sickness and health. You can get dead drunk and still
make it home.
Sing-a-long- Filipinos love to sing, and thank God a lot of us do it well!
Kayumanggi- Neither pale nor dark, our skin tone is beautifully
healthy, the color of a rich earth or a mahogany tree growing towards the sun.
Handwoven cloth and native weaves- Colorful, environment-friendly
alternatives to polyester that feature skillful workmanship and a rich
indigenous culture behind every thread. From the pinukpok of the north to
the malong of the south, it's the fiber of who we are.
Movies- Still the cheapest form of entertainment, especially if you watch
the same movie several times.
Bahala na- We cope with uncertainty by embracing it, and are thus
enabled to play life by ear.
Papaitan- An offal stew flavored with bile, admittedly an acquired taste,
but pointing to our national ability to acquire a taste for almost
English- Whether carabao or Arr-neoww-accented, it doubles our chances in
the global marketplace.
The Press- Irresponsible, sensational, often inaccurate, but still the
liveliest in Asia. Otherwise, we'd all be glued to TV.
Divisoria- Smelly, crowded, a pickpocket's paradise, but you can get
anything here, often at rock-bottom prices. The sensory overload is a
Barong Tagalog- Enables men to look formal and dignified without having to
strangle themselves with a necktie. Worn well, it makes any ordinary Juan
look marvelously makisig.
Filipinas- They make the best friends, lovers, wives. Too bad they
can't say the same for Filipinos.
Filipinos- So maybe they're bolero and macho with an occasional streak of
generic infidelity; they do know how to make a woman feel like one.
Catholicism- What fun would sin be without guilt? Jesus Christ is firmly
planted on Philippine soil.
Dolphy- Our favorite, ultra-durable comedian gives the beleaguered Pinoy
everyman an odd dignity, even in drag.
Style- Something we often prefer over substance. But every Filipino
claims it as a birthright.
Bad taste- Clear plastic covers on the vinyl-upholstered sofa, posters of
poker-playing dogs masquerading as art, over accessorized jeepneys and
altars--the list is endless, and wealth only seems to magnify it.
Mangoes- Crisp and tart, or lusciously ripe, they evoke memories of
family outings and endless sunshine in a heart-shaped package.
Unbridled optimism- Why we rank so low on the suicide scale.
Street food: Barbecue, lugaw, banana-cue, fishballs, IUD (chicken
entrails), adidas (chicken feet), warm taho. Forget hepatitis; here's cheap,
tasty food with gritty ambience.
The siesta- Snoozing in the middle of the day is smart, not lazy.
Honorifics and courteous titles: Kuya, ate, diko, ditse, ineng, totoy,
Ingkong, Aleng, Mang, etc. No exact English translation, but these words
connote respect, deference and the value placed on kinship.
Heroes and people who stood up for truth and freedom Lapu-lapu started it
all, and other heroes and revolutionaries followed: Diego Silang, Macario
Sakay, Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Apolinario Mabini, Melchora Aquino,
Gregorio del Pilar, Gabriela Silang, Miguel Malvar, Francisco
Balagtas, Juan Luna, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Panday Pira, Emilio Jacinto, Raha Suliman,
Antonio Luna, Gomburza, Emilio Aguinaldo, the heroes of Bataan and
Corregidor, Pepe Diokno, Satur Ocampo, Dean Armando Malay, Evelio Javier,
Ninoy Aquino, Lola Rosa and other comfort women who spoke up, honest
cabbie Emilio Advincula, Rona Mahilum, the women lawyers who didn't let Jalosjos
get away with rape.
Flora and fauna: The sea cow (dugong), the tarsier, calamian deer,
bearcat, Philippine eagle, sampaguita, ilang-ilang, camia, pandan, the
creatures that make our archipelago unique.
Pilipino songs, OPM and composers: "Ama Namin," "Lupang Hinirang,"
"Gaano Ko Ikaw Kamahal," "Ngayon at Kailanman," "Anak," "Handog,""Hindi Kita
Malilimutan," "Ang Pasko ay Sumapit"; Ryan Cayabyab, George Canseco,
Restie Umali, Levi Celerio, Manuel Francisco, Freddie Aguilar, and
Florante--living examples of our musical gift.
Metro Aides- They started out as Imelda Marcos' groupies, but have
gallantly proven their worth. Against all odds, they continuously
prove that cleanliness is next to godliness--especially now that those darned
candidates' posters have to be scraped off the face of Manila!
Sari-sari store- There's one in every corner, offering everything from
bananas and floor wax to Band-Aid and bakya.
Philippine National Red Cross. PAWS. Caritas. Fund drives They help us
help each other.
Favorite TV shows through the years: "Tawag ng Tanghalan," "John and
Marsha," "Champoy," "Ryan, Ryan Musikahan," "Kuwarta o Kahon," "Public
Forum/Lives," "Student Canteen," "Eat Bulaga." In the age of inane variety
shows, they have redeemed Philippine television.
Quirks of language that can drive crazy any tourist listening in: "Bababa
ba?" "Bababa!" "Sayang!" "Naman!" "Kadiri!" "Ano ba!?" "pala" Expressions
that defy translation but wring out feelings genuinely Pinoy.
Cockfighting- Filipino men love it more than their wives (sometimes).
Dr. Jose Rizal- A category in himself. Hero, medicine man, genius,
sculptor, fictionist, poet, essayist, husband, lover, samaritan, martyr.
Truly someone to emulate and be proud of, anytime, anywhere.
Nora Aunor- Short, dark and homely-looking, she redefined our rigid
concept of how leading ladies should look.
Noranian or Vilmanian- Defines the friendly rivalry between Ate Guy Aunor
and Ate Vi Santos and for many years, the only way to be for many Filipino
Filipino Christmas- The world's longest holiday season. A perfect
excuse to mix our love for feasting, gift-giving and music and wrap it up with a
touch of religion.
Relatives and kababayan abroad- The best refuge against loneliness,
discrimination and confusion in a foreign place. Distant relatives and
fellow Pinoys readily roll out the welcome mat even on the basis of a
phone introduction or referral.
Festivals: Sinulog, Ati-atihan, Moriones. Sounds, colors, pagan frenzy and
Folk dances: Tinikling, pandanggo sa ilaw, karinyosa, kuratsa, itik-itik,
alitaptap, rigodon. All the right moves and a distinct rhythm.
Native wear and costumes: Baro't saya, tapis, terno, saya, salakot,
bakya. Lovely form and ingenious function in the way we dress.
Sunday family gatherings- Or, close family ties that never get
severed. You don't have to win the lotto or be a president to have 10,000 relatives.
Everyone's family tree extends all over the archipelago, and it's at its
best in times of crisis; notice how food, hostesses, money, and moral
support materialize during a wake?
Calesa and karitela- The colorful and leisurely way to negotiate narrow
streets when loaded down with a year's provisions.
Quality of life- Where else can an ordinary employee afford a stay-in
helper, a yaya, unlimited movies, eat-all-you-can buffets, the latest
fashion (Baclaran nga lang), even Viagra in the black market?
All Saints' Day- In honoring our dead, we also prove that we know how to
Handicrafts- Shellcraft, rattancraft, abaca novelties, woodcarvings,
banig placemats and bags, bamboo windchimes, etc. Portable memories of home.
Hindi lang pang-turista, pang-balikbayan pa!
Pinoy greens: Sitaw. Okra. Ampalaya. Gabi. Munggo. Dahon ng Sili.
Kangkong. Luya. Talong. Sigarillas. Bataw. Patani. Lutong bahay will never be
the same without them.
OCWs- The lengths (and miles) we'd go for a better life for our
family, as proven by these modern-day heroes of the economy.
The Filipino artists From Luna's magnificent "Spoliarium" and
Amorsolo's sun-kissed ricefields, to Ang Kiukok's jarring abstractions
and Borlongan's haunting ghosts, and everybody else in between. Hang a
Filipino painting on your wall, and you're hanging one of Asia's best.
Tagalog soap operas- From "Gulong ng Palad" and "Flor de Luna" to today's
incarnations like "Mula sa Puso"--they're the story of our lives, and we
feel strongly for them, MariMar notwithstanding.
Midnight madness, weekends sales, bangketas and baratillos It's retail
therapy at its best, with Filipinos braving traffic, crowds, and human
deluge to find a bargain.